The matrix diagram shows the relationship between two, three, or four groups of information. It also philips tv saphi vs android give information about the relationship, such as its strength, of the roles played by various individuals or measurements.
Six differently shaped matrices are possible: L, T, Y, X, C, and roof-shaped, depending on how many groups must be compared. Table 1 summarizes when to use each type of matrix. Click on the links below to see an example of each type. In the examples, matrix axes have been shaded to emphasize the letter that gives each matrix its name. The team placed numbers in the boxes to show numerical specifications and used check marks to show choice of packaging.
The L-shaped matrix actually forms an upside-down L. This is the most basic and most common matrix format. L-shaped Matrix Diagram: Customer Requirements. This T-shaped matrix relates product models group A to their manufacturing locations group B and to their customers group C. Examining the matrix below in different ways reveals different information. For example, focusing on model A shows that it is produced in large volume at the Texas plant and in small volume at the Alabama plant.
How to: Add class diagrams to projects
Time Inc. Focusing on the customer rows shows that only one customer, Arlo Co. Zig Corp. This Y-shaped matrix shows the relationships between customer requirements, internal process metrics, and the departments involved.
Because this matrix is three-dimensional, it is difficult to draw and infrequently used. If it is important to compare three groups simultaneously, consider using a three-dimensional model or computer software that can provide a clear visual image.
C-shaped Matrix Diagram.You find out how to draw the network diagram for a sample project from the information in the table shown here:. Find all activities in the table that have no immediate predecessors — they can all start as soon as you begin your project.
Begin your diagram by drawing the relationship between the Start of your project and the beginning of Activity 5. Find all activities that have your first activity as an immediate predecessor.
Activities 2 and 7 have Activity 5 as an immediate predecessor. Draw boxes to represent these two activities, and draw arrows from Activity 5 to Activities 2 and 7. Draw a box to represent Activity 6 and draw an arrow from Activity 2 to that box.
Only Activity 3 has Activity 7 as an immediate predecessor. So draw a box to represent Activity 3, and draw an arrow from Activity 7 to Activity 3. Now realize that Activity 1 has both Activities 3 and 6 as immediate predecessors. Therefore, draw a box representing Activity 1 and draw arrows from Activities 3 and 6 to this box. The rest is pretty straightforward. Because only Activity 4 has Activity 1 as its immediate predecessor, draw a box representing Activity 4 and draw an arrow from Activity 1 to Activity 4.
After adding all the activities to the diagram, draw a box to represent End, and draw an arrow from Activity 4 the last activity you have to complete to that box. Now for an important timing-related question.
How long will you and your friend take to get to the lake for your picnic? The upper path StartActivities 5, 2, 6, 1, 4, and End takes 52 minutes to complete, and the lower path StartActivities 5, 7, 3, 1, 4, and End takes 57 minutes to complete. Thus, it will take 57 minutes from the time you start until you arrive at the lake for your picnic, and the lower path is the critical path.
How to Create a Network Diagram. Depict Activity 5 with a box and draw an arrow to it from the Start box. Only Activity 6 has Activity 2 as an immediate predecessor.
Completed picnic-at-the-lake network diagram.Chloroplaststructure within the cells of plants and green algae that is the site of photosynthesisthe process by which light energy is converted to chemical energyresulting in the production of oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. Photosynthetic cyanobacteria are free-living close relatives of chloroplasts; endosymbiotic theory posits that chloroplasts and mitochondria energy-producing organelles in eukaryotic cells are descended from such organisms.
Chloroplasts are present in the cells of all green tissues of plants and algae. Chloroplasts are also found in photosynthetic tissues that do not appear green, such as the brown blades of giant kelp or the red leaves of certain plants.
Chloroplasts are green because they contain the pigment chlorophyllwhich is vital for photosynthesis. Chlorophyll occurs in several distinct forms. Unlike most other organelleschloroplasts and mitochondria have small circular chromosomes known as extranuclear DNA. It is thought that both chloroplasts and mitochondria are descended from free-living cyanobacteriawhich could explain why they possess DNA that is distinct from the rest of the cell.
Chloroplasts are a type of plastid—a round, oval, or disk-shaped body that is involved in the synthesis and storage of foodstuffs. Chloroplasts are distinguished from other types of plastids by their green colour, which results from the presence of two pigments, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b.
A function of those pigments is to absorb light energy. In plants, chloroplasts occur in all green tissues, though they are concentrated particularly in the parenchyma cells of the leaf mesophyll. They are enclosed in a chloroplast envelope, which consists of a double membrane with outer and inner layers, between which is a gap called the intermembrane space.
A third, internal membrane, extensively folded and characterized by the presence of closed disks or thylakoidsis known as the thylakoid membrane.
In most higher plants, the thylakoids are arranged in tight stacks called grana singular granum. Grana are connected by stromal lamellae, extensions that run from one granum, through the stroma, into a neighbouring granum. The thylakoid membrane envelops a central aqueous region known as the thylakoid lumen.
The space between the inner membrane and the thylakoid membrane is filled with stromaa matrix containing dissolved enzymesstarch granules, and copies of the chloroplast genome. The thylakoid membrane houses chlorophylls and different protein complexes, including photosystem I, photosystem II, and ATP adenosine triphosphate synthase, which are specialized for light-dependent photosynthesis.
When sunlight strikes the thylakoids, the light energy excites chlorophyll pigments, causing them to give up electrons. The electrons then enter the electron transport chain, a series of reactions that ultimately drives the phosphorylation of adenosine diphosphate ADP to the energy-rich storage compound ATP. Electron transport also results in the production of the reducing agent nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NADPH.
ATP and NADPH are used in the light-independent reactions dark reactions of photosynthesis, in which carbon dioxide and water are assimilated into organic compounds.
Rubisco catalyzes the first step of carbon fixation in the Calvin cycle also called Calvin-Benson cyclethe primary pathway of carbon transport in plants. Among so-called C 4 plants, the initial carbon fixation step and the Calvin cycle are separated spatially—carbon fixation occurs via phosphoenolpyruvate PEP carboxylation in chloroplasts located in the mesophyll, while malate, the four-carbon product of that process, is transported to chloroplasts in bundle-sheath cells, where the Calvin cycle is carried out.
C 4 photosynthesis attempts to minimize the loss of carbon dioxide to photorespiration. In plants that use crassulacean acid metabolism CAMPEP carboxylation and the Calvin cycle are separated temporally in chloroplasts, the former taking place at night and the latter during the day.
The CAM pathway allows plants to carry out photosynthesis with minimal water loss. The chloroplast genome typically is circular though linear forms have also been observed and is roughly — kilobases in length. The modern chloroplast genome, however, is much reduced in size: over the course of evolutionincreasing numbers of chloroplast genes have been transferred to the genome in the cell nucleus.
As a result, proteins encoded by nuclear DNA have become essential to chloroplast function. Hence, the outer membrane of the chloroplast, which is freely permeable to small molecules, also contains transmembrane channels for the import of larger molecules, including nuclear-encoded proteins. The inner membrane is more restrictive, with transport limited to certain proteins e.
Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.People are more responsive to visual information and retain more of it. So before you create your next presentation, check out Microsoft diagram templates.
These free diagram templates utilize colors, infographics, and unique designs to vividly communicate your story. Use a diagram template to lead your client through a process, communicate causes and effects, map out a reporting structure and more. PowerPoint SmartArt templates transform blocks of copy or bulleted lists into simple but powerful visuals that enhance your presentations and engage your audience.
Some popular SmartArt templates feature multi-color gauge graphics, color block graphics and a double helix DNA graphic, to name a few. You can also try an animated diagram template, in which tabs are revealed one by one.
Used alone or as part of a presentation, diagram templates give your story more impact to leave a greater impression on your audience. Skip to main content. Process chart slide chevron, widescreen. Plant growth graphic. Process flowchart graphic. Conveyor belt block graphic. Animated scale graphic. Linked chain graphics. Process infographic Retrospect theme, widescreen.
Animated tree growth graphic. Double helix DNA graphic. Funnel chart megaphone. Colored block graphics.
Multi-color tree diagram. Infographic pie chart. Horizontal Hierarchy Organization Chart Slide multicolor on white, widescreen. Multi-color process flowchart graphic. Process flowchart gameboard. Iceberg graphic. Relationship diagram slide. Organization Chart from Data.
Flowchart Maker and Online Diagram Software
Basic Flowchart from Data. Process Map for Cross-Functional Flowchart. Process path infographic Quotable theme, widescreen.Effective date : Immersive training scenario systems and related methods are provided. The immersive training scenario systems can provide at least one simulated structure. The at least one simulated structure can include a base structure having at least one surface thereon. One or more substrates with one or more photographic images printed thereon are applied to the surface of the base structure so that the simulated structure has realistic visual characteristics representative of a mission site or mission scenario.
Provisional Patent Application Ser. The entire contents of the above applications are hereby incorporated by reference herein. Generally, firearms or tactical training systems and related methods are provided. More particularly, methods and systems for an immersive firearms or tactics training scenario that can be mobile, static, or re-configurable are provided that present simulated structures that accurately re-create realistic visual characteristics of the structure by utilizing site-specific photographic images and large-format printing and the application of same.
As more of the world's population moves into an urban environment, battles that are fought in urban areas will also increase. Therefore, soldiers must train for the possibility of having to enter buildings, positively distinguish between friend or foe, and act accordingly.
Such training is also needed for law enforcement as well as private security companies. The current shift in doctrine toward more and better urban training for U. Urban combat is very different from combat in the open at both the operational and tactical level. Complicating factors in urban warfare are the presence of civilians and buildings of all sorts.
Some civilians may be difficult to distinguish from combatants such as armed militias and gangs, particularly if individuals are trying to protect their homes. Tactics are complicated by a three-dimensional environment, limited field of view and field of fire because of buildings, enhanced concealment and cover for defenders, below ground infrastructure, and the ease of placement of booby traps and snipers.
Detailed planning is essential. Ideally, the leader of a assault team gathers all available intelligence about the crisis scene, targets, and innocents. The leader diagrams and discusses the proposed plan, outlining each of the team's actions and responsibilities, location, fields of fire, and special tasks even to the point of a wall-by-wall and door-by-door layout of the objective, where available.
Since the assault team usually already has specialized training, the operation is based on well-understood, pre-established standing operating procedure.Facebook Google Twitter.
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Size px x x x x Includes bibliographical references p. ISBN alk. Forensic botany. Coyle, Heather Miller. F67F67 Reprinted material is quoted with permission, and sources are indicated. A wide variety of references are listed.Chloroplast structure and function
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Corporate Blvd. Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation, without intent to infringe. Unlike in popular TV shows, such as CSI, science may not always offer definitive solutions regarding a crime. It does, however, provide a special investigative role and in some scenarios can be quite revealing.
Forensic science assists in solving crimes by characterizing physical evidence found at a crime scene for attribution purposes. In other words, scientific knowledge and technology are used as objective witnesses in solving the puzzle of who committed the crime.
Forensic science is a combinatorial science that exploits diverse areas, which typically include the major disciplines of biology, chemistry, physics, and geology. Within each discipline are many subcategories of science that may be used in a forensic science investigation. For example, within biology some of the disciplines are medicine, pathology, molecular biology, immunology, odontology, serology, psychology, and entomology. The specific discipline s applied depends on the circumstances of the crime.
Mathematics, especially statistics, is used, when appropriate, to place weight or significance on observations or data retrieved from crime scene evidence.An entity relationship diagram ERD shows the relationships of entity sets stored in a database.
An entity in this context is an object, a component of data. An entity set is a collection of similar entities. These entities can have attributes that define its properties. By defining the entities, their attributes, and showing the relationships between them, an ER diagram illustrates the logical structure of databases.
There are two reasons to create a database diagram. You're either designing a new schema or you need to document your existing structure. If you have an existing database you need to to document, you create a database diagram using data directly from your database.
You can export your database structure as a CSV file there are some scripts on how to this herethen have a program generate the ERD automatically. This will be the most accurate potrait of your database and will require no drawing on your part. If you want to create a new plan, you can also edit the generated diagram and collaborate with your team on what changes to make.
Peter Chen developed ERDs in An ER diagram is a means of visualizing how the information a system produces is related.
There are five main components of an ERD:. When documenting a system or process, looking at the system in multiple ways increases the understanding of that system.
ERD diagrams are commonly used in conjunction with a data flow diagram to display the contents of a data store. They help us to visualize how data is connected in a general way, and are particularly useful for constructing a relational database. Learn More. ER diagrams are used to sketch out the design of a database.
Get started making database designs Sign up for SmartDraw free. Works on your Mac or any other device. Hospital Billing Entity Relationship Diagram.